Saturday, 16 December 2017

7 Environmental Friendly Waste Disposal Methods

Written by Posted On Friday, 01 December 2017 11:37

Waste Disposal Methods

Waste disposal is a collection of actions and activities required to handle wastes right from its inception to the final disposal. This includes collection, processing and disposing them using appropriate practices. Basically, the disposal methods are meant to reduce the impact of wastes on environment and health. However, when it comes to dealing with your household’s wastes in an eco-friendly manner what are the best steps that must be taken?

If you are struggling with the same question then worry no more, as this article reveals the top seven environmentally friendly methods that can be utilized to dispose wastes in a hassle free manner.

1. Recycling

There are innumerable wastes that can be reshaped into essential products through the process of recycling. Plastics, aluminum, paper and glass are the common materials that can be recycled again and again. Now, when you recycle the materials then you save the environment in not just one but two important ways and they are:

  • Reduces the need of raw materials: Since the items are recycled, the need of raw materials decreases significantly too. For instance, when paper is recycled then you are able to save trees from deforestation. This maintains the equilibrium of the ecosystem and at the same time provides you the product that you require without affecting the environment.
  • Lowers carbon footprint: The recycled materials that are used for making brand new products use 20% less energy when compared to the usual materials. This in turn lowers the emission of hazardous chemicals during the processing which reduces the carbon footprint of the recycled product.

2. Garbage Disposers

For those materials that cannot be recycled, especially the common kitchen wastes- garbage disposal units can turn out to be the ultimate solution. This machine shreds large wastes into fine particles that not only pass through the plumbing system easily but at the same time decompose at a much faster pace compared to the garbage that you send to the landfill.

In addition to that, the disposer are able to handle specific kitchen wastes such as vegetable peels, small bones, fruit peels and food scrapes, allowing you to segregate wet wastes and dry wastes, some top end disposers like InSinkErator evolution excel can even handle small bones. With this you can dispose the wet wastes in the disposer unit while the dry wastes can be sent to a recycling plant.

3. Composting

One of the oldest methods of managing organic wastes is composting. In this, you can accumulate the waste in a pit for days so that microbes and bacteria act on them and aid in remediation. The final product results into a nutrient rich compost that can be used as a form of fertilizer for your organic garden. Without a doubt, biological reprocessing enhances the quality of the soil, but the problem is: this process is quite slow and demands a large area of land so as to handle the wastes effectively.

4. Incineration

Incineration involves combustion of the different wastes so as to extract their base components, while the generated heat is trapped to derive energy. The ash and assorted gases are the main byproducts of this method. A major drawback is that the chances of pollution increases due to the nature of waste that is being incinerated, filters can be used to overcome this problem. With this 90% volume of the wastes is reduced and like compost, the nutrient rich ash is great for enriching plants and soil.

Besides that the harmful pigments present in the wastes can be removed, while the energy extracted can be utilized for heating, supplying power to the turbines or cooking as well. Proper vigilance and diligence is a must in order to prevent the accidental leakage of the micro-contaminants from the lines of the incinerator.

5. Characterization of Wastes

An important method that is often overlooked by many people is distinguishing various types of wastes and their adverse effects on the environment. For instance, the soda cans and other aluminum cans must be characterized as metal wastes that can either be recycled or reused, similarly other forms of PVC materials must be termed as plastic wastes, while glass and paper are simple wastes. The characterization of wastes not only saves your time and efforts, rather it even helps you to manage them efficiently without contributing to the rising level of greenhouse gases.

6. Eco Landfills

Landfills are form of dumping grounds where wastes are thrown. The base of this area is covered with a protective lining and this acts like a barrier between the ground water and wastes, preventing separation of toxic materials into the water level. The eco-friendly landfills are often created on soil that is non-porous so that it does not support in the transfer of waste particles and retains the quality of the water zone.

In addition to that, environmentalists advice to create the landfills only in those areas with low ground water level, as this again decreases the vulnerability of water. At the end of the day, skilled manpower and specialized machineries are essential for maintaining such areas.

7. Reducing Waste Generation

The last and perhaps the most important method is to decrease the amount of waste that you generate and this will simultaneously lead to sustainable development. Make your choices wisely, understand the consequences of the materials that you use and the wastes that come out, implement various steps to minimize them and finally you will realize that the average volume of waste that is produced by you has reduced extensively.

Waste disposal emerges to be a global concern, as over 1/4th of the earth's land today is filled with harmful and toxic wastes that disrupt the balance of environment and alter the life of organisms who thrive in them.

A simple change that you take now while managing the households wastes is a major step that will transform the future. Therefore, as stated think twice when you produce waste and adapt yourself with the best disposal methods that will keep the land, water and air healthy and safe for years to come.

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