Park lighting Methods

Written by Posted On Wednesday, 18 December 2019 03:13

Park and Landscape lighting are some of the most interesting and versatile areas of lighting decor. It can be defined as the use of light to illuminate an area alternative to daytime in the dark. In other words, landscape lighting is both functional and decorative lighting of green spaces and some waterworks systems. Landscape lighting includes a wide range of works on lighting parks, squares, adjacent territories, gardens, etc.

In general, there are several options for landscape lighting:

 flood,

general

marking,

accent lighting,

and lighting of reservoirs.

Floodlighting.

It is the simplest functional lighting technique. You can use it when lighting the perimeter of the field. You can use this method to eliminate the problem of blinding light on high supports. A successful and simple option: short-term inclusion of a searchlight, creating an illuminated path for a car entering the area.

General lighting.

It is characterized by crowning lamps. You can use general lighting methods to install lighting step by step along paths or recreational areas. A customer can choose not only the shades of the desired configuration and color but also the height of the lamp.

Marking light.

A type of lighting designed for outline only not to illuminate. Mostly these are luminaires built into the ground that can withstand loads of up to 2000 kg and mechanical stability is a fundamental characteristic of this device.

Accent lighting.

It is ideal for parks or sites where the night lighting design is a priority. For example, for holidays and festivals organized in the open air, where illumination is a mandatory and basic tool for creating an atmosphere. The techniques of both light decor and traditional lighting techniques will be used in this condition.

The lighting of Reservoirs.

Technically, the most difficult area of ​​work in the field of landscape design is the lighting of reservoirs. Several safety measures should consider in this lighting type. The voltage should be no more than 12 V. This condition is met by sealed LED and halogen (metal halide) underwater lights. Flexible fiber LEDs used in this lighting method.

Underwater Lights.

In various projects of landscape water design and for lighting swimming pools, underwater lights are used, which are distinguished by the special tightness of the housing, equipped with a tempered safety glass of increased strength.

The luminaires are made based on a union of progressive design and technology solutions that allow achieving maximum efficiency of light fluxes in the aquatic environment. The use of small-sized halogen lamps as the main light source determines the high color rendering of this lighting equipment, which is especially important when organizing systems of highly artistic underwater lighting. Also, low-voltage halogen lamps provide high energy-saving performance, forming the proper level of safety of fixtures during operation.

Underwater lights - installation and operation features.

When choosing and installing underwater lights, the following factors should be considered:

  • High anti-corrosive properties of the case and absolute tightness of optics and light sources.
  • The ability to work on various models in the conditions of the border of two water-air environments.
  • The maximum pool depth should not exceed the parameters recommended by the manufacturer.
  • The presence of natural or artificial outdoor lighting of a reservoir in which it is supposed to place underwater lights.
  • The safest location of cable routes.

Which equipment and fixture will work best?

The choice of equipment for landscape gardening lighting is a very delicate decision. You have to consider all the artistic problems and other necessary technical requirements. LEDs, fiber optic, flexible fiber optic LEDs, incandescent lamps, halogen lamps, metal halide, mercury, sodium, compact fluorescent lamps can be used in park lighting fixtures.

The next question is the choice of the color temperature of the lamps. In scientific terms, “color temperature” (Tc) is a characteristic of the course of the radiation intensity of a light source as a function of wavelength in the optical range. This value characterizes the relative contribution of the radiation of a given color to the radiation of the source. The lower the color temperature, the closer the spectrum of the lamp to yellow-red, the higher - the closer the spectrum to cold tones. For example, a color temperature of 5500 ° K corresponds to dim natural daylight at noon. Incandescent lamps usually have a color temperature of 2700K. It is recommended to choose types of luminaires with close color temperature.

Types of Fixtures.

Classic floor lamps are best for uniform lighting. This type is widely represented in public parks, squares, and private estates. The height of the support of classic floor lamps reaches 5 meters from ground level.

Road lights are actively useable in lighting transit zones. The light stream of such lamps is directed strictly down, which makes their use more comfortable and functional compared to decorative classic floor lamps. The height of the transit lamps depending on the model is from 20 to 150 cm from the ground level.

Lamps for top lighting are best for security or emergency lighting of the site. But luminaires for lower illumination are widely used for decorative illumination of building facades, trees, shrubs or other vertical elements of landscape architecture.

Luminaires for underwater lighting also work best. Recently, for underwater lighting, fiber optics or LEDs are used which are not included in the general classification of the garden and park lighting fixtures. 

Park Decorative Supports.

When arranging outdoor lighting systems for infrastructure, eminent importance is given to the functional component aimed at ensuring safety. However, there are some areas for which the lighting structures should be observed. These are pedestrian paths, squares, embankments, parks, squares, alleys, courtyards, territories adjacent to architectural ensembles and buildings, monuments, obelisks, etc.

Manufacturers of lighting poles pay great attention to the production of decorative poles. Theу is developing numerous models that become an integral part of living and recreation areas. Most supports are made of pipes of various diameters. However, the condition is to meet that the diameter of the upper section of the pipe (landing) must correspond to the diameter of the installed bracket or the landing diameter of the lamp. Decorative poles are also known as park poles.

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